The city was founded in 44 AC and it was initially given the name Robur (from the latin word for oak grove, roburetum).
In the year 374 AC, it was renamed to Basilea (from the Greek word Βασιλεία, which means kingship), when it became the royal fortress of the Roman Emperor Flavius Valentinianus (Valentinian I).
Nowadays, Basel is the third biggest city in Switzerland with a population of 170,635 inhabitants as of 2012.
It is located in the northwest of the country, where the borders of Switzerland meet the borders of France and Germany.
Location: Northwest Switzerland